186 VERDICT ON IXDIA heaven, the batteries of the Congress press start firing at full blast, all over the world richly subsidized young Hindus burble passionately about the Unity of India, and Gandhi takes to his bed and refuses even to smell a banana. What does it all mean ? It means — of course — vested interests. The old bogy which is also, unfortunately, a fact, the sinister fact that is behind so much of the world's malaise. For not the first time wo will permit India to accuse herself* Here is the verdict of an authoritative spokesman of the Muslim League : 'The real reason why the Hindus are so much opposed to Pakistan is that it strikes at the root of their vested interests, and shatters all their dreams of exploiting the entire sub-continent of India. Their emphasis on India's unity and indivisibility is a political stunt to stifle the national consciousness of Muslims for their full share in the political and economic field/1 No man who is aware of the extent to which Congress is dominated by the big bosses of Hindu business can possibly doubt the truth of this assertion. Naturally, Hindu capital wants to be complete master in its own house. Naturally, it wants to tighten the screw on the teeming masses, particularly the Muslim masses. It would. . .and will. . .fight to the death to retain and extend its economic control over the areas which it is proposed to snatch from its grasp. There is already great wealth in those areas, and more is on the way. Bengal offers golden opportunities for in- dustrialization, and would serve as a ready market to the agri- cultural provinces of the west which, in their turn, are rich in untapped resources — ore, minerals, forests, to say nothing of millions of acres of some of the finest soil in India, particularly in the Punjab. Yes, the vested interests of Hindu capital will struggle against Pakistan to the last gasp. And they will use every artifice of diplomacy and propaganda to make the world ring with protests against the 'mutilation5 of the Indian 'motherland.' They will weep, they will wail, they will bribe, they will threaten — and, to 1 Pakistan and Modern In^ia^wiih a foreword by Quaid-I-Azam (Malabar Hill, Bombay).